Nowadays most of the parents remain under stress and tension about their children's unhealthy lifestyle. We are well aware of the fact that fast foods have become the favourite foods of majority of the children. On the other hand highly nutritious foods are rarely found in the list of children.

These trends may lead to the growth and development problems. The main reason may be lack of proper nutrition. Parents have found the solution of this problem in the form of food supplements. So it is essential for all of us to know about food supplements.

Meaning of food supplement

Food supplement means a nutrient that is added to your diet to nourish your body that you are not getting in your regular diet. Food supplements generally include vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids and amino acids among other substances. These supplements may be in the form of a tablet or powder which can be added to water or milk for consumption.

Need of food supplements for children :

No doubt that food supplements play a vital role in proper growth and development of children. Though, it is not essential to consume food supplements but it becomes necessary when there is a lack of proper nutritious diet. In fact, it can be said that food supplements are unnecessary if a child takes a balanced diet regularly.

Even some food supplements may be harmful. A research study indicates that the individual who consumed Vitamin 'E' supplement had a higher rate of prostate cancer than individual who did not consume vitamin 'E'. In the same way, calcium supplement too found to put individuals at greater risk of heart attacks. In addition the food supplements may not contain all the nutrients that a child needs.

Advantages of food supplements

Advantages of supplements - food supplements benefits and harms - meraki
  1. Stronger immune system :
  2. The regular intake of vitamins and minerals can make our immune system stronger.

  3. To prevent deficiency diseases :
  4. As there are various types of vitamins and there will be a problem in the body if there is shortage of even one type of Vitamin. The nutritional supplements can help you in this case by providing additional vitamins that help to immunize your body against diseases.

  5. To have good body shape :
  6. Suppose you want to have a good body and you regularly practice in the gym; to keep your body fit, you have to eat food that is rich in vitamins and minerals. Homemade food and eggs can help you to an extent, but you have to take this nutritional vitamins if you want to shape your body in a positive direction.

  7. To improve calcium/iron intake :
  8. When the required consumption level of calcium /iron lowers especially in children, then they suffer from calcium/iron deficiency which leads to number of diseases.

Disadvantages of food supplements

Disadvantages of supplements - food supplements benefits and harms - meraki
Nowadays, food supplements are very popular. They are available in most of the chemist shops. People too, are consuming them without knowing that these types of things can harm them too. Even kids who dream of having the best body are consuming them without consulting any doctor.

Children must be encouraged to consume fruits that are rich in minerals and vitamins, as overdosing of fruits doesn't affect the body. But the nutritional supplements have a negative effect on the body if you will overdose. Some harmful effects of taking nutritional vitamins are
  1. Blurred vision and loss of hair :
  2. Taking these nutritional vitamins could be a negative point as it can affect a person's vision and he may lose his hair too at very early age.

  3. Muscular weakness and hypertension :
  4. Overdosing of these supplements could affect a person's bones and can make them weaker.

  5. Faintness, dizziness, deafness, nausea :
  6. These are some other problems that may occur if people consume these supplements.


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