Diarrhoea is when you become loose or watery with your bowel movements. Diarrhoea is characterised as passing loose or watery bowel movements three or more times a day (or more frequently than usual). Diarrhoea happens when fluid can not be absorbed by the lining of the intestine, or deliberately secretes fluid.

Types of Diarrhoea
  1. Acute diarrhea
  2. Loose watery diarrhoea, which lasts one to two days, is the most common acute diarrhoea. This form does not require medication and after a few days it typically goes away.

  3. Persistent diarrhea
  4. One of the most common causes of persistent diarrhoea, 'Toddler's diarrhoea,' is caused by a diet low in fat and high in sugar and fluids. Persistent diarrhoea lasts for 14 or more days.

  5. Chronic diarrhea
  6. Diarrhea is a disease of digestion that produces stools that are loose or watery. At some point, many people experience diarrhoea. These bouts are mostly acute and have no complications in a few days. However other individuals live with diarrhoea that lasts for more than two to four weeks is known as chronic diarrhoea .

Causes of Diarrhoea Diarrhoea has the following causes.
  1. Infectious diarrhoea is most commonly caused by viruses moving from individual to individual, or by consuming or drinking food or water infected with viruses.
  2. A diet change is also one of the causes.
  3. After consuming foods containing fructose (a form of sugar or artificial sweeteners such as lactose and mannitol, some people develop diarrhoea.
  4. Consumption of more alcohol.
  5. Malabsorption Uptake
  6. Surgery Procedure (e.g. when part of the bowel removed)
  7. As a side effect, some medications can cause diarrhoea. They're a common example. The equilibrium that can lead to diarrhoea can be broken. Some antacids and diabetes pills are more examples of medications that can induce diarrhoea.

Symptoms of Diarrhoea
  1. Cramps in the belly.
  2. Painful abdominals.
  3. The urgency of going to the bathroom.
  4. Frequent movement of watery, loose faeces.
  5. vomiting
  6. Fever

Treatment for Diarrhoea

If you are having serious symptoms, please see your doctor. Diarrhoea babies and young children require prompt medical treatment.

Diarrhoea care depends on the cause, but may include:
  1. A diet known as BRAT can also cure diarrhoea quickly. BRAT stands for rice, applesauce, bananas, and toast. Due to the bland nature of these foods, and the fact that they're starchy, low-fiber foods, this diet is successful. These foods have a binding effect in order to make stools more bulky in the digestive tract.
  2. To avoid dehydration, drink plenty of water.
  3. Take ORS (Oral Rehydration Solutions) with consultaion of doctor.
  4. Drinks with oral rehydration to replace the missing salts and minerals. These drinks can be bought from pharmacies. One part of unsweetened pure fruit juice mixed with four parts of water is an alternative.
  5. Fluid intravenous replacement in serious cases
  6. Drugs such as antibiotics and anti-nausea medications
  7. Medications for diarrhoea, but only on the recommendation of your doctor. Anti-diarrhoeal drugs can hold the infection within your body for longer if your diarrhoea is caused by infection.
  8. Therapy for any underlying disorder, such as intestinal inflammatory disease.

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